Visitors Guide to the
Towosahgy State Historic Site
County Road 502
East Prairie, Missouri

Gravel Parking Interpretive Signage Missouri Historic Site Restrooms


Towosahgy State Historic Site preserves the remains of a once flourishing Native American community. Towosahgy (tah-wah-saw-ge) is a borrowed Osage Indian word meaning “Old Town.” The site was the location of a once-fortified village and ceremonial center between 1000 and 1400 A.D. Although other groups of Native Americans had lived in this area for 9,000 years prior to the founding of the village, their societies did not reach the highly organized level of the people at Towosahgy.

The inhabitants of the village were part of the Mississippian cultural tradition, so named as most of these archaeological sites are located near the Mississippi River. Although other groups of Native Americans had lived in this region for 9,000 years prior to the founding of the village, their societies did not reach the highly organized level of the Towosahgy. Unlike their predecessors the inhabitants of Towosahgy were town dwellers. There were small hamlets within a short distance of the main town and the entire area formed a well-developed cultural and political system. The well-constructed dwellings, utensils, and other artifacts uncovered at the site indicate the inhabitants led a relatively comfortable lifestyle.

Crops of beans, maize, squash and sunflowers were raised in fields outside the walls that surrounded the village. The inhabitants also lived off wild game, fish, persimmons, wild plums and a variety of nuts. They relied on trade to obtain other necessary items such as salt, paint, chert for tools and ceremonial materials. For transportation, they may have used large dugout canoes. Their houses were constructed by digging a shallow pit, which left the floor of the structure below the surface of the ground. Walls were built of small posts placed in narrow trenches. A central fire hearth and associated packed clay floor mark the original floors of these houses.

The first scientific excavations of the site in 1891 were conducted by Cyrus Thomas of the Smithsonian Institution. In 1894 he published a map of the village area iwhich showed a ceremonial center and a well defined by a fortification wall that once encircled most of the village. On the map of the village are six of the seven earthen mounds, two depressions or borrow pits where dirt was removed to construct the mounds, and the house depressions. Thomas knew the site as Beckwith’s Fort, named for the landowner at the time of his visit.

In 1967, the state purchased the site and since then, the Missouri Department of Natural Resources has conducted limited archaeological investigations in conjunction with the University of Missouri-Columbia. At least three log stockade walls have been unearthed, as evidenced by dug trenches, post holes and charred fragments of actual posts. These walls were not straight but had bastions protruding from them. These bastions were spaced about 90 feet apart and extended about 17 feet out from the stockade and could have been used as watch towers.

Today, all that is visible are the remains of the earthen mounds within the village area. Six of the seven mounds still exist and surround the central plaza where various civic and religious ceremonies were held. The largest mound, located at the north end of the plaza, is about 180 feet wide by 250 feet long at its base, and about 16 feet high. All of the earth within the mounds was dug by hand and carried in baskets from borrow pits such as the large pit west of this mound. A kiosk provides interpretive information about the village and its inhabitants. A trail leads visitors to the mounds and other areas of the village where they can imagine this once-thriving culture found in this area hundreds of years ago.

  The Missouri Audubon Society maintains a checklist for birds that can be seen at this site.  
  Visiting the Towosahgy State Historic Site
          6 am - dusk daily

There is no charge to visit the Towosahgy State Historic Site.
Directions: From Charleston take I-57 east to MO-77 (exit 12). Take MO-77 east for approximately 5 miles to Wilson City. Continue taking MO-77 south for 17 miles to County Road 502. Take County Road 502 approximately 1.5 miles to Towosahgy State Historic Site.
  GPS Coordinates
36° 41.538'
W 89° 14.012'
  Learn more about the East Prairie area.  
  Towosahgy State Historic Site
The official website of the
Towosahgy State Historic Site maintained by the Missouri State Parks Department.
Mississippi River
Big Oak Tree
State Park
Lake Murphysboro
State Park
Lutheran Memorial
  Regional Guides
to the Middle Mississippi River Valley
  Meeting of the Great Rivers
National Scenic Byway
Ste. Genevieve &
French Colonial Country
Gateway to the West
St. Louis & St. Louis County
   Meeting the Missouri
Historic St. Charles County
The Lincoln Hills Region
Northeast Missouri
  The Tri-States Area
Iowa, Illinois & Missouri
The Mississippi River
Meets the Ohio River Home Page
Your index to over 800 informative pages covering the Middle Mississippi River Valley.
  At we strive for accuracy.
If you have any corrections, suggestions or information
you would like to see contact the webmaster.
For advertising information contact marketing.
Copyright 2001-2011 - Elsah, Illinois